Fruit and vegetables and One Health: what contributions?
The One health approach revolutionizes the traditional disciplinary method and challenges all health actors – working on human, animal or environmental health – to adopt a transversal and holistic perspective on their practices and knowledge. Thus, for its 20th anniversary, the EGEA conference invites the scientific communities, as well as all stakeholders interested in food and health issues, to jointly examine and address the contribution of diet and specifically of fruit and vegetables to individual health and the sustainability of food systems and to explore the role of the consumers in the vegetalization of their diet.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), fruit and vegetables production and consumption help in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals in a “One health” approach. Indeed, alongside the already well-established and widely proven benefits regarding the risks of all-cause mortality and chronic diseases, fruit and vegetables would also have effects and impacts in terms of sustainability of food systems and the reduction of inequalities (FA0, 2021).
Therefore, The objective of the EGEA 2023 conference is to illustrate, through concrete examples from science, how fruit and vegetables would contribute to One Health– an approach that has been widely validated by the support of the World Health Organisation (WHO), the FAO and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) (OMS, 2021) – with four plenary sessions, a round table and oral and poster presentations.